The contaminated free fuel is very important for the efficient working of the vehicle engine. The vehicle uses a fuel filter to remove the contamination from the fuel. With time, the fuel tank constantly attracts debris, dirt, and dust, and the accumulated particles can damage the fuel filter and adversely affect the fuel pump. A clogged or bad fuel filter produces different signs to alert the driver. This article mainly explains the bad fuel filter symptoms, causes, and how to clean it.
What is a Fuel Filter?
A fuel filter is part of the engine that removes dust and dirt particles from the fuel. It is an inline filter. These filters are most commonly used in internal combustion engines.
The main function of the fuel filter is to remove contaminants present in the fuel before it reaches the engine.
Symptoms of a Bad Fuel Filter
The following are the most common signs of a bad or clogged fuel filter:
- Reduction in Fuel Economy
- Strange Engine Noise
- Check Engine Light
- Hard Starting
- Engine Stalling
- Poor Acceleration
- Fuel Smell
1) Reduction in Fuel Economy
The reduction in fuel economy is one of the main symptoms of a clogged fuel filter. For efficient working, the engine needs to burn the air-fuel mixture properly.
As the fuel filter is clogged, it doesn’t properly deliver fuel to the engine. When the engine doesn’t receive sufficient fuel, you will see a reduction in the engine power.
2) Strange Engine Noise
The strange engine noise is also a common sign of a bad fuel filter. As the filter goes bad, the engine doesn’t receive a proper supply of fuel due to that different parts of the engine may go bad.
3) Check Engine Light
An illuminated check engine light is one of the clear signs of a bad fuel filter. The check engine light is located on the car dashboard. This is common in vehicles equipped with fuel pressure sensors to monitor the amount of fuel flowing via the system.
However, this warning light may illuminate due to many other reasons.
As you scan the problem, the diagnostic trouble code car shows the sensor error. This is actually due to a bad fuel filter. In such a situation, you must contact a mechanic who may help you to identify the reason for check engine light.
Read More: Causes of Check Engine Light Illumination
4) Hard Starting
As the fuel filters go bad, they don’t supply fuel according to the engine requirements. When the vehicle engine doesn’t receive fuel properly, you may have engine starting issues.
A dirty filter can lead to an unstable fuel flow, and it may take longer than normal to start the engine. Therefore, you must change your filters after a specific time interval given in the product manufacturer manual.
5) Engine Stalling
There are multiple reasons for engine stalling. The engine stalling may also be due to a faulty fuel filter. According to the severity of the filter clog, the vehicle may be able to start immediately with no visible loss of power.
When the filter clogging converts into a worse condition, stalling also converts into excessive or worse during acceleration. When the engine stalling converts into a worse condition, you must immediately replace your bad filter.
Read More: Why Car Shuts Off While Driving?
6) Poor Acceleration
Poor acceleration is one of the main signs of a bad fuel filter. The poor acceleration may cause due to many other factors. If not enough fuel flows into the combustor, the computer of the vehicle will limit its output power to stop the engine damage.
This symptom is particularly noticeable while accelerating the vehicle under high loads, for example, when driving downhill. In rare cases, the filter can be bad enough to put the car in slack mode.
7) Fuel Smell
If you smell bad after driving, like you’re at a gas station, there could be a fuel leak somewhere. If you don’t forget to tighten the gas cap, you have something else to think about.
The most common causes of fuel leaks are damaged fuel lines, fuel tanks, fuel injectors, carbon canisters, or spark plugs, but damaged fuel filters can also leak and smell like gasoline. In fact, its symptoms must be accompanied by other symptoms that must be taken into account.
Read More: Bad Fuel Injector Symptoms and Causes
Your engine misfires when something disrupts the normal combustion process in one or more of the engine cylinders, resulting in a skipped step. Various factors can contribute to this issue, including a faulty ignition coil, faulty fuel injectors, bad spark plugs, or a malfunctioning camshaft sensor.
Additionally, prior to reaching the fuel injector, the fuel must pass through the fuel filter. If there are any delays or obstructions in this process, it can also lead to engine misfires, especially when the car is under additional stress, like during acceleration, driving uphill, or carrying a heavy load.
The misfire is typically experienced as a slight jolt when the engine momentarily falters, often used by a break in power delivery.
Causes of a Clogged Fuel Filter
The fuel filter may be clogged due to one or more of the below-given causes:
- Accumulation of Contaminants
- Poor Fuel Quality
- Poor Maintenance
- Unnecessary Contaminant Load
- Water Contaminants
1) Accumulation of Contaminants
Dirt, rust, sediment, and other contaminants from the fuel may gather in the fuel filter over time. If you don’t clean your filter regularly, these contaminants may ultimately lead to clogging.
2) Poor Fuel Quality
A low-quality fuel may have higher levels of sediments and impurities. If you use such quality fuel regularly, it may speed up the clogging process and cause a faster accumulation of contaminants in the fuel filter.
3) Poor Maintenance
Poor maintenance, including the infrequent replacement of the fuel filter, may also lead to a clogged fuel filter. Your vehicle’s filter has a restricted capacity to hold impurities, but when it achieves its limit, it may no longer be able to efficiently filter the fuel.
4) Unnecessary Contaminant Load
Some specific conditions may introduce large amounts of impurities into the fuel system.
For instance, if there is a rapid influx of contaminants because of an issue with the fuel tank or during refueling, it may compromise the performance of the fuel filter and cause it to clog more rapidly.
5) Water Contaminants
Water may enter the fuel system through dirty or compressed fuel. As the water enters the fuel filter, it may mix with other impurities and produce a sludge-like substance that may clog your filter.
Fuel Filter Location
The location of the fuel filter depends on the vehicle’s make and model. The fuel filter is usually located between the gas tank and the engine.
These filters are present in both gasoline and diesel models. The most common type of fuel filter is the inline fuel filter, which is located between two hose connections in the fuel system. Additionally, fuel filters can also be located inside the fuel tank or mounted externally on the tank itself.
Fuel Filter Replacement Cost
The replacement cost of the fuel filter depends on the vehicle model, labor cost, and the area where you live. The average replacement cost of the fuel filter is $40 to $160. In this cost, the fuel filter itself costs from $15 to $110.
How to Clean Fuel Filter
Follow the below-given steps to clean or replace your fuel filter:
- Park Your Vehicle: Firstly, park your car on a safe and leveled surface.
- Disconnect the Battery: Before proceeding with the fuel filter cleaning process, it’s important to disconnect the negative terminal of your battery.
- Locate the filter: Locate the fuel filter in your vehicle. The location can vary according to your vehicle’s make and model. It is recommended to consult the vehicle’s repair manual to find the exact location of the filter.
- Ensure no Fuel is exposed to the spray: To begin cleaning the fuel filter, ensure that the clamps securing the filter are tight by using a flat head screwdriver. Then, use a clamp to securely close the hose and prevent any fuel from spraying or leaking.
- Place a Container Under the Filter: Now, place a container beneath your filter to catch any fuel that may drain out. Open the clamp cap and attach the container to the hose.
- Drain the fuel: To drain the fuel, carefully open and close the clamp while gently pulling the hose from the filter. Allow the fuel to flow out smoothly. If there are multiple hoses connected to the filter, ensure that all remaining fuel is drained from each of them.
- Start Cleaning the Fuel Filter: Now, properly hold the parts of the fuel filter and put the hose into its interior. Use a specialized cleaning liquid designed for fuel filters and spray it onto the filter.
- Insert Nozzle: Attach the nozzle to the spray section and insert it into the other end of the filter, directing the spray inside. Allow the liquid to flow in and out of the filter. Repeat this process from both ends of the filter to ensure thorough cleaning.
- Tapping filter surface: Ensure that you tap all the areas on the surface of the filter in your vehicle to ensure proper cleaning.
- Spray again and Dry: Next, use a spray device to apply cleaning solution onto the filter. Ensure that the spray covers the entire surface of the filter. After applying the spray, allow it to dry for approximately 50-60 minutes.
- Reinstall the filter: Once you are confident that your fuel filter is clean, proceed to reinstall it in its location. Take care to install it correctly to ensure optimal functionality of the fuel filter.
- Replace the filter: If your filter is damaged, replace it with a new one.
What is the function of a fuel filter?
The main function of the fuel filter is to remove contaminants present in the fuel before it reaches the engine.
How often should the fuel filter be changed?
The replacement of the fuel filter is typically included in the regular maintenance schedule, although the specific recommendations can vary among manufacturers. In the case of maximum vehicle models, it is recommended to change the fuel filter every 30,000 miles or 2 years, whichever comes first.
What happens when the fuel filter is clogged?
A clogged fuel filter can lead to reduced fuel pressure, resulting in a lean air-fuel mixture and engine misfires. This issue may manifest as poor engine performance, sluggish acceleration, rough idle, poor fuel economy, and the possibility of the check engine light illuminating. Once the check engine light comes on, it is advisable to visit a repair shop for inspection and potential filter replacement.
Can I drive with a bad fuel filter?
Yes, you can drive, but it is not recommended to drive with a bad fuel filter for a long time. In case of faulty filters, the performance of your engine will progressively worsen over time. If the car stalls while driving, particularly in traffic, it can pose a safety hazard and increase the risk of an accident. Therefore, it is recommended to have the faulty fuel filter replaced promptly.
How to start a car with a bad fuel filter?
A malfunctioning fuel filter can severely restrict the flow of fuel to the engine cylinder, making it difficult or impossible to start the car. If the fuel filter is partially clogged, it can cause ignition issues, but if the filter is extensively damaged, your engine may not start at all. Therefore, before attempting to start your vehicle with a faulty fuel filter, it is necessary to either unclog or change the filter.
How to check the fuel filter?
To check for blockage in your car’s fuel filter, you need to remove it and perform an airflow test. Gently connect a hose to one end of the fuel filter and blow air through it at a slow and controlled pace. If there is any significant blockage to the airflow, it is an indication that the filter needs to be changed rather than cleaned.
What are the symptoms of clogged fuel filter?
- Poor fuel economy
- Check engine light
- Hard starting
- Engine stalling
- Poor acceleration
- Strange engine noise
- Fuel smell