P2195 Code: Meaning, Symptoms, Causes (& How to Fix it)

The vehicle’s powertrain control module (PCM) is connected to multiple engine sensors. Whenever any of these sensors go bad, it sets a specific code. Whenever your PCM detects any problem in the signal coming from the O2 sensor in bank 1 sensor 1, it triggers the P2195 code. The oxygen sensor is very important for the efficient working of the engine. This article explains the P2195 code symptoms and causes.

P2195 Code Definition

P2195 code stands for “O2 Sensor Signal Stuck Lean Bank 1 Sensor 1”.

In the definition of P2195, Bank 1 indicates the side of the engine that contains the cylinder number. 1 and “sensor 1” indicates the upstream oxygen sensor.

What Does Code P2195 Mean?

The P2195 code indicates that your powertrain control module (PCM) has detected that the oxygen sensor signals stuck lean for bank 1 sensor 1. This trouble code is an emissions-related code.

P2195 code

A lean circuit means that your engine doesn’t have sufficient fuel. The O2 sensor circuit can determine this by measuring the exhaust emissions.

This sensor knows that the car doesn’t magically reduce emissions. That means there is not enough fuel in the combustor.

The O2 sensor is also known as the air/fuel ratio sensor. It calculates the fuel-air ratio of the exhaust between the catalytic converter and the engine. The trouble code P2195 represents that your engine is running lean or your A/F oxygen sensor may have a problem. 

Symptoms of P2195 Code

  • Illuminated check engine light
  • Poor engine performance
  • Low engine power
  • Overheating engine
  • Engine misfires or jerking
  • Engine running rough
  • Poor fuel economy

Cause of P2195 Code

  • Damaged or corroded O2 sensor circuit wiring
  • Low Fuel pressure
  • Damaged connectors
  • Excessive exhaust leaks
  • Bad bank 1 heated oxygen sensor 1
  • MAF sensor needs cleaning
  • Bad fuel injector causing the air-fuel ratio to deviate from the normal range
  • Vacuum leaks
  • Fuel leak
  • Defective A/F sensor relay
  • PCM issues (i.e., software update requires)

Read More: Bad MAF Sensor Symptoms and Causes

How to diagnose the P2195 Code?

  1. Use an OBD-II scanner to find the code.
  2. Record all stored fault codes, along with all available freeze frame data. Clear the codes and make a test drive. If the code returns, then move forward for further inspection.
  3. Check for the intake vacuum leak or intake hose leak between the throttle body and the MAF sensor.
  4. Check for excessive fuel pressure. If the pressure is lower than the required limit, you should need to replace your fuel pump or fuel pressure regulator.
  5. Check for exhaust leaks.
  6. Inspect the wires connected to the affected O2 sensor for damage or corrosion.
  7. Inspect the MAF sensor to check its condition if it requires cleaning; clean as needed.
  8. You should change cracked or damaged vacuum lines or intake air tubes.
  9. Inspect the O2 sensor for damage or contaminants. If your O2 sensor is damaged, then replace it.

Common P2195 Code Diagnosis Mistakes

  • Erasing the PCM memory codes before inspecting the freeze frame data for the major failure issue, so the failure may be duplicated and repaired.
  • Not confirming the existence of the P2195 once a code reader finds one
  • Failing to clear the PCM codes after fixing the codes
  • Replacing the O2 sensor without inspecting the sensor wiring for damage or corrosion.
  • No inspection of the oxygen sensor wire harness for water entry into the harness cover
  • Replacing the O2 sensor without inspecting the sensor’s loose connections.
  • Not inspecting the exhaust leaks.
  • Not inspecting the vacuum leaks.

P2195 Code Repair Cost

The fixing or repair cost of the P2195 code varies according to the vehicle model, labor cost, and repair cost of the relevant part. To fix or repair the P2195, you may need one or more of the following repairs:

Exhaust leak repair$80 to $820
Catalytic converter$380 to $2500
Oxygen Sensor replacement$150 to $510
Fuel pressure regulator$190 to $410
Fuel Pump$250 to $1,090

FAQ Section

What Is the Severity of Code P2195?

P2195 code is not a much serious code. It doesn’t stop your vehicle from running. However, you may face poor engine performance and poor fuel economy issues with this code.

However, leaving this code unattended can result in internal engine damage and damage to other parts, such as the O2 sensor and catalytic converter.

What repairs can fix the P2195 code?

  • Replacing or repairing the oxygen sensor
  • Replacing or repairing the frayed, shorted, or damaged wires
  • Replacing or repairing the fuel pressure regulator
  • Replacing or cleaning the MAF sensor
  • Replacing or repairing the leaking injector
  • Fixing the exhaust leaks
  • Fixing the vacuum leaks
  • Reprograming the PCM

What causes P2195?

  • Damaged O2 sensor circuit wiring
  • Defective A/F sensor relay
  • Low Fuel pressure
  • Fuel Leak
  • Damaged connectors
  • Vacuum leaks
  • Excessive exhaust leaks
  • Bad bank 1 heated oxygen sensor 1
  • Bad fuel injector causing the air-fuel ratio to deviate from the normal range
  • MAF Sensor needs cleaning
  • PCM issues (i.e., software update requires)

What is a Bank 1 O2 sensor?

The Bank 1 O2 sensor is the engine sensor that calculates the oxygen content in the exhaust and provides an input to the PCM, which measures how to adjust the air-fuel ratio.

How can you fix your fuel system too lean?

  1. Replacing the MAF sensor
  2. Replacing the fuel pump
  3. Replacing the defective injectors
  4. Replacing the fuel pressure regulator
  5. Replacing the bad fuel filters
  6. Replacing the PCM
  7. Repairing the vacuum leak
  8. Replacing the bad oxygen sensor
Read More
  1. Bad Fuel Pump Symptoms and Causes
  2. Causes of Exhaust Leak
  3. Bad Sway Bar Symptoms and Causes
  4. P0141 Code Symptoms and Causes
  5. P0153 Code Symptoms and Causes

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