P0411 Code (Meaning, Symptoms, Causes & How to Fix it)

The air injection system is one of the most important parts of the vehicle. It uses to pump fresh air into the exhaust. This system plays a big role to lower the emission of exhaust gases. Whenever your powertrain control module (PCM) monitors a bad airflow in the air injection system, it sets the P0411 code. This article explains the P0411 code meaning, symptoms, and causes.

P0411 Code Definition

P0411 code stands for “Secondary Air Injection Incorrect Flow Detected.”

What Does the P0411 Code Mean?

The P0411 code indicates that the powertrain control module (PCM) detects a potential air flow issue in the secondary air injection system.

P0411 code

A secondary air injection system uses to pump the fresh air into the exhaust system when the engine is cold and decelerating. This system permits the catalytic converter to heat up quickly during cold weather and lowers the emission of exhaust gases.

The secondary air injection system contains special hoses, a non-return valve, and an air pump, all of which must work according to the requirements to achieve maximum operational efficiency. The air pump injects air into the exhaust, which helps lower the emission of exhaust gases.

When your PCM detects an airflow issue within the secondary air injection system, it triggers the DTC P0411.

Causes of the P0411 Code

  • Faulty check valve
  • Damaged exhaust components
  • Faulty air pump  
  • Blown air pump fuse
  • Extreme carbon accumulation in the air injection system
  • Bad air pump relay
  • A leakage in the air injection system pipes or hoses
  • Loose connections or damaged wiring of the air injection system 
  • An issue with the PCM (e.g., software needs to be updated)

Symptoms of the P0411 Code

  • Check engine light illumination
  • A reduction in the engine power
  • Difficult to start the vehicle
  • Poor acceleration and rough running
  • Backfiring 
  • A rich running condition leads to poor fuel economy and potentially a rotten egg smell
  • Failed emission test
  • Poor fuel economy

How to diagnose the P0411 Code?

  • Use an OBD-II scan tool to verify the existence of the P0411 code. Also, note all the other existing trouble codes stored in the PCM memory.
  • Record the freeze frame data. Use this data to find the major problem.
  • Now clear the stored codes and perform a test driver. If the P0411 code returns, perform the below-given steps.
  • Retest the air injection system.
  • Inspect the air injection system wiring for damage or corrosion.
  • Inspect the connections of the air injection system for damage.
  • Check the air injection system for excessive carbon accumulation.
  • Inspect the O2 sensor. If the O2 sensor is damaged, replace them.
  • Inspect the check valve of the injection system.
  • Properly inspect the air injection pump relay.
  • Make a proper inspection of the air injection system fuse.
  • At last, properly inspect the air pump for damage.
  • Inspect the PCM.

Common P0411 Code Diagnostic Mistakes

  • Replacing the unnecessary parts
  • Not inspecting the wiring and connections before replacing the air pump or O2 sensor
  • Not erasing the PCM memory after fixing the issue

P0411 Code Repair Cost

To fix the P0411 code, you need one or more of the below-given repairs:

PartsRepair Cost
Injection pump fuse replacement$10 to $20
Air pump installation$540 to $710
Injection pump relay replacement$40 to $110

FAQ Section

What is the secondary air injection system?

A secondary air injection system uses to pump the fresh air into the exhaust to warm the catalytic converter and minimize the exhaust emissions.

Can I drive with a P0411 Code?

Yes, you can drive with the diagnostic trouble code P0411. However, with this code, your vehicle will be unable to pass the emission test. Therefore, you can’t drive your vehicle with this code in which countries where emission test is compulsory.

What repairs can fix the P0411 Code?

  • Repairing or replacing the faulty wiring harness of the system
  • Replacing the bad O2 sensor
  • Replacing the bad air pump
  • Cleaning the accumulated carbon in the secondary air system
  • Replacing the damaged vacuum hose
  • Fixing the loose electrical connections of the secondary air system
  • Replacing the faulty relay of the air pump
  • Replacing the bad air solenoid
  • Replacing the blown fuse of the air pump
  • Replacing the bad check valve

How serious is the P0411 Code?

The P0411 code is usually considered to be quite serious in nature. This code mainly affects the ability of your car to pass an emission test. Driving with this ode may generate different drivability issues, such as poor acceleration, idling, or backfiring. The P0411 code represents an issue with the air injection pump system.

The air injection pump system assists in lowering exhaust emissions. With a bad air injection pump system, the vehicle will be unable to pass the emissions test. In most countries, you can’t drive a car without passing the emission test. This can prove quite problematic, as a satisfactory test is often required to relicense a vehicle under certain circumstances.

How do you fix a secondary air injection system malfunction?

  • Replacing the bad air pump
  • Replacing the bad check valve
  • Replacing the blown fuel of the air pump
  • Replacing the faulty air pump relay
  • Replacing or repairing the faulty wires
  • Replacing the bad O2 sensor
  • Replacing the air injection system intake filters blocked with contamination 
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